N.B Chyoi / October 08, 2021
China’s Belt & Road Initiatives (BRI) is basically the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Military Initiatives. The profile of North Industries Group Corporation Limited (NORINCO) itself elaborates that it is the main platform entrusted with developing mechanized, digitized and intellectualized equipment for Peoples’ Liberation Army (PLA).
The institution plays a core role in developing destructive-attack devices for PLA and acts as a major carrier in R&D and manufacture of modernized new-generation Army Systemic Equipment, as well as the main force that contributes to China’s “Belt and the Road Initiative” and the development of concept of the Development of Civil-Military Integration (CMI).
NORINCO is the mother of “Illegal Arms Supplies” in South Asia & Africa. Rebels from India, Burma, Cambodia, and Sea Pirates from Africa managed to acquire arms through NORINCO only. Ten trucks of arms & ammunition meant for Indian rebel groups from India’s Northeast region bordering Burma were seized at Bangladesh’s Chittagong Port in 2004, and it exposed the entire network.
As NORINCO became infamous, it franchised its arms sale through arms smugglers and arms smugglers were free to adopt brand names and were given gifts as cash back or in kind depending upon sale of weapons, which are mostly excluded from PLA inventory.
In northern Burma of Kachin State, Zakhung Ting Ying led the New Democratic Army/Kachin (NDA/K) owned an arms factory, which is managed by Tin Ying’s Chinese adopted son Zakhung Ying Sau. The arms factory is located in the Pang Wa valley near the Burma-China border and it’s set up with the help from Chinese Col. Muk Yan Pau Huan. The small arms produced from the Pang Wa factory reportedly fulfilled the needs of Burma’s Ethnic Armed Organizations and some of the northeast rebel groups from India. Formerly known as NDA-K is currently legalized as a Border Guard Force and doing all sorts of illegal business with the help of Burma Army.
Now as the voices of discontent are rising in the countries where BRI are in progress either due to debt issues or social boycott. China’s Development of Civil Military Integration is pushing state sponsored NGOs like Social Resources Institute (SRI), Global Environment Institute (GEI) and China Foundation For Poverty Alleviation (CFAP) in poor countries to smooth the execution of BRI projects through deceptive healing touch approach. These NGOs are active in Burma, Nepal, Laos and African countries. Agenda & objectives for BRI and CMI are same except CMI operates at Social & Community level. Young university graduates are being pushed into CMI.
CMI is being experimented in Burma, Laos and Cambodia since there is poverty in frontier regions and natural resources are in abundance. The racial, religious and culture similarity provides an edge. One should not be surprised to find a Chinese Casino or dance bar or spa in the remotest areas on Burma-China-Thailand- Laos border. Basically, these CMI helps in cultural transformation and expanding the consumer base.
CMI has been put into action in Tibet and Xinjiang as well to contain the rising aggression. International community has been raising concern over systematic genocide of Tibetans and Uyghurs inside China.
N.B Chyoi is a Kachin lawyer and geopolitical analyst focusing especially on Burma, India and China.
The opinion expressed here is the author’s own, and does not represent the editorial policy of The Kachin Post.